Psoriasis is an general chronic skin disorder immune disease which affects the skin and joints . When it affects the skin it commonly appears as red scaly elevated patches called plaques. Psoriasis plaques are areas of excessive skin cell production and inflammation. If you are looking forward to Morpheus8 Treatment Atlanta
The disease is chronic, but you may have periods when it becomes worse alternating with times when it improves or goes into remission. And although no cure exists, treatments may offer significant relief. Psoriasis is a common and chronic skin disorder. Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis and is characterized by red skin covered with silvery scales and inflammation. Patches of circular to oval shaped red plaques that itch or burn are typical of plaque psoriasis.
Symptoms of Psoriasis
An individual with plaque psoriasis usually has patches of red, raised, scaly areas on the skin that may itch or burn. The disorder is a chronic or recurring condition which can vary in severity, from minor localised patches to complete body coverage. Fingernails and toenails are frequently affected (psoriatic nail dystrophy). Psoriasis can also cause inflammation of the joints. This is known as psoriatic arthritis. The list of symptoms are shown as below
Plaques: The plaque areas on the skin are elevated. The plaque areas vary in size (1 to several centimeters) and may range from a few to many at any given time on the skin.
Red color: The color of the affected skin is very distinctive. The rich, full red color is salmon colored.
Symmetry: Psoriatic plaques tend to appear on both sides of the body in the same places.
Scalp: The scalp can have dry, scaly skin or crusted plaque areas.
Nails: Nail changes are commonly observed in those with plaque psoriasis. The nails may have small indentations, ridges, or pits in them.
Droplets on skin: Sometimes, the skin is red and looks like it has little drops on it.
Psoriasis in children: Plaque psoriasis looks slightly different in children compared to adults. In children, the plaques are not as thick, and the affected skin is less scaly.
Causes of Psoriasis
The Causes of Psoriasis are include :
Lesions of psoriasis are caused by an increase in the turnover rate of dermal cells from the normal 23 days to 3-5 days in affected areas.
Silver scale on the surface of lesions is a layer of dead skin cells and may be scraped away from most lesions even if the scale is not apparent on visual inspection.
Patients with psoriasis have a genetic predisposition for the disease.
Gene locus has been determined.
The trigger event may be unknown in most cases but is likely an immunologic event.
Commonly, the first lesion appears after an upper respiratory infection, such as streptococcal pharyngitis.
Perceived stress can cause exacerbation of psoriasis. Some authors suggest that psoriasis is a stress-related disease and offer findings of increased concentrations of neurotransmitters in psoriatic plaques.
Significant evidence is accumulating that psoriasis is an autoimmune disease.
Lesions of psoriasis are associated with increased activity of T cells in underlying skin.
Guttate psoriasis has been recognized to appear following certain immunologically active events, such as streptococcal pharyngitis, cessation of steroid therapy, and use of antimalaria drugs.
Superantigens and T cells
Psoriasis is related to excess T-cell activity. Experimental models can be induced by stimulation with streptococcal superantigen, which cross-reacts with dermal collagen. This small peptide has been shown to cause increased activity among T cells in patients with psoriasis but not in control groups.
Some of the newer drugs used to treat severe psoriasis directly modify the function of lymphocytes
Treatment of Psoriasis
The treatment of Psoriasis are following :
Antibiotics are not indicated in routine treatment of psoriasis. However, antibiotics may be employed when an infection, such as that caused by the bacteria Streptococcus , triggers an outbreak of psoriasis, as in certain cases of guttate psoriasis.
Climatotherapy involves the notion that some diseases can be successfully treated by living in particular climate . Several psoriasis clinics are located throughout the world based on this idea. The Dead Sea is one of the most popular locations for this type of treatment
Some psoriasis patients use herbology as a holistic approach that aims to treat the underlying causes of psoriasis.
A psychological symptom management programme has been reported as being a helpful adjunct to traditional therapies in the management of psoriasis.
It is possible that Epsom salt may have a positive effect in reducing the effects of psoriasis.
In each of these cases, restoration of the barrier function of the skin is of prime concern. This can be performed with cleaning and bandaging.
Plaque and scalp lesions are frequently encountered in patients seeking care for other problems, and initial treatment of the lesions should be offered.
Solar or ultraviolet radiation may be helpful.
Oatmeal baths may be helpful.